Lecture ‘'Effects of land use change on transport demand in fast growing cities in Tanzania'
Feb 26, 2019 14.00 uur - 16.00 uur
Agoralaan Gebouw D
prof. dr. An NEVEN
Dr Wilfred Kazaura, lecturer in the Department of Urban and Regional Planning of Ardhi University in Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) will give a guest lecture on Tuesday February 26 from 2PM until 4PM in H2. The topic of the guest lecture is 'Effects of land use change on transport demand in fast growing cities in Tanzania'. The lecture will be given in the course 'Study visit & international topics' in the Master of Transportation Sciences, but other interested students and/or colleagues from other faculties are also welcome!
Cities in Tanzania are experiencing higher rates of urbanization and fast growth. It also experiences land use changes which take place in formal and informal ways. Land parcels are subdivided, vacant areas encroached and buildings are extended and modernized in formal and informal ways. Formal changes are supported by planning laws and regulations; but informal changes are not guided; rather, take place through encroachment of open spaces and reserved areas, and subdivision of plots and building extensions. Primarily, land use changes are caused by rapid increase of population, shortage of houses stocks and concentration of people and development activities in urban planned areas.
Land use changes have resulted to the higher travel demand in the cities beyond the planned and forecasted travels. The rate of travel demand is about four times the planned and forecasted transport demand. Land uses planned for residential are converted to commercial residential, institutions and workshops; and in most cases, the changed buildings were converted from single storey to multi-storey and employments were multiplied and caused business interactions which attracted more traffic. The travel demands of the changed commercial multi-storey buildings were determined by accounting floors of multi-storey buildings times transport estimate coefficients. The results showed the effects of land use changes on the planned travel demand that result to traffic congestions in cities of Tanzania.