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SPATIAL PLANNING AND COVID-19

Co-existing with Covid-19 in Tanzania: The Architecture and Urban Planning Perspective

Daniel Mbisso

This lecture intends to unpack the response strategies to the covid-19 pandemic in urban Tanzania. Specifically, the lecture presents the adaptation/coping strategies the Tanzanians have taken since the recording of the first covid-19 case on 16th March 2020 when the pandemic manifested in the country. It starts with the general understanding of the status and measures that various countries have taken in combating covid-19. Pathways Tanzania has taken in the matter are particularly highlighted, discussed and analysed. The lecture zooms down to specific spatial practices the urbanites, individually or collectively, undertake in public areas and dwelling places as they attempt to co-exist with the realities of covid-19. Specifically, experiences by individuals or families that were mandatorily quarantined, voluntarily self-isolated and/or treated from covid-19 at home or in a hospital are exposed. Ultimately, lessons for architecture and planning for biological pandemics/disasters are drawn and presented.

 

Planning with Covid-19 in Flanders: who still wants to live in compact cities?

Oswald Devisch

In the beginning of the twentieth century, utopian thinkers all over Western Europe designed green, self-sustaining and compact cities as alternatives for the unhealthy and unsafe rapidly growing cities. In Flanders, spatial planners have continued this ‘quest’ ever since, without much impact. Today Flanders has the highest land consumption of Europe (after Malta) and is nearly completely (sub)urbanised. This un-sustainable dwelling model comes at a high societal cost. In an attempt to reduce this cost, the Flemish Government introduced the idea of a building shift: re-introducing the idea of compact cities. The lecture explores how covid-19 is currently being appropriated by both proponents and opponents of this building shift, who either claim how cities are the answer to pandemics like covid-19, or who argue that suburbs are the most healthy environments for societies in lockdown. The lecture will frame this growing polarisation and will formulate an ‘exit strategy’.