The previous decades, car traffic considerably increased all over the world. With more and more people and activities attracted to cities and cars remaining a popular transport mode, future congestion levels seem unlikely to change. In order to relieve road infrastructure from congestion, improving public transport (PT) options are on the political agenda in many countries. After all, a higher reliability leads to a greater adoption of public transport and thus to more sustainable travel behaviour.
Within the IWT-SBO project SMART-PT, IMOB and several international partners aim to reinvent the public transport system by making it smart and adaptable. The current system where the user needs to accustom one’s self in order to travel, will evolve into a flexible ultramodern system adapting itself optimally to the user. In order to achieve this goal, SMART-PT works with the latest information and communication technologies (ICT). Working via ICT, a self-aware SMART-PT will recognize emerging and declining passengers’ flow, estimate their evolution in space and time and adapt PT services accordingly.
Flexible public transport system
Service routes and frequencies will be modified to complete the supplement services of high demand, while less frequently used services will be gradually substituted with more flexible ones. The means of transportation are listed in order of ascending flexibility: (1) rail systems (e.g. trams, LRT), (2) buses, (3) paratransit i.e. shared vans/minibus, (4) carpool, (5) car (bike) sharing and taxis, and (6) private cars to close the ranks.