MIT Monday: there and back again Feb 04, 2019
de heer Bert LENAERTS
Welcome to the final MIT Monday blog post of Ph.D. student Bert Lenaerts. So what did he learn from doing an international research stay at MIT?
GREETED BY SNOW
It seems like I came back from the US just in time to escape the polar vortex only to be greeted by the first Belgian snow. As I am residing in a landscape covered by a white blanket my thoughts wander back to the experiences from my stay in the US.
I definitely, learned a lot. Research wise, I discovered some interesting (yet still preliminary) results. As I mentioned earlier (blog 1 and 2), my research looks into the economic impact of aviation. According to my work at MIT, aviation has a positive impact on employment in the financial sector. However, space matters! Only regions close to airports benefit, while regions further away from airports face negative impacts, possible due to companies moving away (to be closer to airports). A similar effect seems to be present for economic density: closeness is beneficial while more remote regions suffer.
Also, living and working in the US has been a wonderful experience. I think we all have our own impressions of typical American life, handed down from popular culture (a strong sign of the US’s so-called soft power). I have to admit, some of the stereotypes are true, but, in retrospect, I adjusted to Boston almost instantly. All in all, the city has both an American and European feel, and is certainly worth a visit, let alone a research stay!
WORKING AT MIT
To me, however, the most interesting experience was staying at MIT. MIT is a world-renowned institute and my chance to have a look behind the scenes proved to be very insightful. One question I have asked myself often is: What are the reasons behind MIT's apparent success as a research centre? Was I able to crack the code and figure out the magic recipe to MIT’s success? No, but I have gained some insights that I would like to share with all of you.
One of MIT’s key assets is its tremendous level of ambition. It attracts the brightest minds from all over the world of who are all set on producing first-class research, creating kind of a self-reinforcing cycle. On top of that, MIT has a very strong focus on innovation and novelty. Every research proposal faces the inevitable “so what?” question. The golden rule is: only research that broadens the scientific horizon, and that per definition has never been done before, gets funded at MIT. Also, research projects and researchers at MIT are extremely specialized. My lab, for example, was very interdisciplinary, but fostering discussions outside someone’s area of expertise often proved difficult. Lastly, MIT tries to fully embrace software and technology—not that surprising given its name and focus on engineering.
I'M A LEGAL ALIEN
So, I clearly gained a lot of insights from my American adventure. I want to finish, however, by giving some Belgian perspective on life in the US. Belgians are often characterised as modest, too modest perhaps given American standards. I agree that, while Belgium might be small, there is certainly much to be proud of and we should highlight our successes more. What I have learned over the past four months though is that focusing too much on success can lead to dishonesty. After all, many successes come at a cost, and I haven’t always found the willingness to acknowledge this in the US.
To give a few examples: Boston is a beautiful and prosperous city with clean and lively streets (I never felt unsafe), but at the same time, real estate prices are so high (more than twice the amount of Brussels) that they are pushing poor people out of the city. Similarly, MIT is a very high-ranking university but this comes at a cost, as I explained in my previous blog (blog 4). The US economy was recently lauded for its strong economic growth, especially compared to the EU. However, what is often forgotten in this discussion is that inequality in the US is much large (and is still increasing) compared to the EU. In brief, Belgians should certainly consider tempering their modesty but there is definitely no need for removing it altogether.
So what does the future hold? As a next step, I plan to refine my analysis further and discuss the implications of my results with fellow aviation economists. In the future, I hope to take a different perspective by studying the environmental instead of economic impacts of aviation. Combined with my current research, these results will hopefully allow for a more comprehensive assessment of aviation in the 21th century, which perhaps might lead to a new blog series... .